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Drywall is a common manufactured building material used globally for the finish construction of interior walls and ceilings.

A drywall panel is made of a paper liner wrapped around an inner core made primarily from gypsum plaster; the semi-hydrous form of calcium sulfate .The raw gypsum must be calcined before use. Kettle or Flash calciners typically use natural gas today. The plaster is mixed with fiber (typically paper and/or fiberglass), plasticizer, foaming agent, potash as an accelerator, EDTA, starch or other chelate as a retarder, various additives that increase mildew and fire resistance (fiberglass or vermiculite), and water. This is then formed by sandwiching a core of wet gypsum between two sheets of heavy paper or fiberglass mats. When the core sets and is dried in a large drying chamber, the sandwich becomes rigid and strong enough for use as a building material. Drying chambers typically use natural gas today. Depending on plant efficiency and energy costs, 25% to 45% of drywall cost today is related to energy, primarily natural gas. This is the main reason why organic dispersants/plasticizers are used i.e. to reduce the amount of water to produce gypsum slurry flow during wallboard manufacture.

Drywall is also commonly known as gypsum board, wallboard, and plasterboard

Gypsum Boards